What is Hair thinning?

We have two primary types of hair on our body - thick, dark hair like that on the scalp (called terminal hair) and fine, thin, almost invisible hair, like that on the forehead (called vellus hair).

When one has a genetic predisposition to it, male hormones (and its derivative Di-hydro Testosterone - DHT) trigger off a process of miniaturization on the scalp hair. This miniaturization slowly makes the thick terminal hair become thinner and thinner, eventually converting into an invisible vellus hair.

This miniaturisation makes the hair nearly invisible and one starts perceiving hair loss in the form of receding hair line or bald patches or visibility of scalp.

What is the difference between male and
female pattern of hair loss?

In male pattern hair loss, the primary reason is the DHT hormone triggering the miniaturisation process. In female pattern hair loss, multiple factors come together to cause the hair loss. These include hair ageing, nutritional deficiencies, hormonal imbalance - especially those that upset the male-female hormone balance like hypothyroidism, PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease). Oily scalp, dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis too can hasten the miniaturization process in both - men and women.

Male pattern hair loss has a characteristic pattern of receding hairline on the temples, followed by thinning of hair on the centre of the head, these eventually progress to baldness on the entire scalp except the back (occiput area).

Men do not lose hair on the back of the scalp, because the hair follicles in that area lack the receptors for the DHT hormone, hence they are immune to the miniaturisation process.

Female pattern hair loss starts with thinning of hair, followed by visibility of scalp especially on the central parting area. Usually it does not progress rapidly until menopause.

What is the ideal remedy for Hair loss?
An ideal remedy for hair loss should include -
  • Blocking of further miniaturisation process to prevent further hair loss
  • Peptides and proteins to reverse the miniaturisation, i.e. to make the hair thicker
  • Ensure delivery of these peptides at the hair follicle where it is needed
  • Stimulation of hair growth factors for re-growth of hair
  • Anti-ageing of scalp to ensure the right environment for hair re-growth
  • Hair nutrients to support the re-growth

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